Best Management Practices can be defined as a method by which state or local governments can find ways to prevent or reduce pollution, that is derived by non-point sources such as watersheds, "to a level compatible with water quality goals" as stated under EPA regulations section 40 CFR 130.2(Q).
The EPA has established eight categories describing how to protect water quality by specific forestry measures. They are: (1) pre-harvest planning; (2) streamside management; (3) forest wetlands protection; (4) road construction and maintenance; (5) timber harvesting; (6) re-vegetation; (7) fire management; and (8) forest chemical management.
Considering there are well over 700 million acres of land in the U.S., concerns about how the "watershed" effect can easily pollute our waters has come to the forefront in finding new ways to prevent pollution through the use of BMP.
In an effort to understand how Best Management Practices can be effectively utilized in the aforementioned categories as established by the EPA, here are the regulations as defined by the Clean Water Act under section 232.3c(6)(i-xv): "Construction or maintenance of farm roads, forest roads, or temporary roads for moving mining equipment, where such roads are constructed and maintained in accordance with best management practices to assure that flow and circulation patterns and chemical and biological characteristics of waters of the United States are not impaired, that the reach of the waters of the United States is not reduced, and that any adverse effect on the aquatic environment will be otherwise minimized. The BMPs which must be applied to satisfy this provision include the following baseline provisions:
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